Why do Gums Bleed?

Why do gums bleed? This is a very common question. The answer is not so simple though. There is not just one single reason why your gums bleed.

Why do gums bleed? This is a very common question. The answer is not so simple though. There is not just one single reason why your gums bleed. There are a variety of factors that can cause this disturbing bleeding in your mouth. In this article, you can find all the possible reasons causing it and also tips on how to prevent and treat this condition.

Let’s start by explaining how our gums work.

You need to know that even though our gums are a tiny part of our body, they actually play a major role in our health maintenance. They protect the neck and root of the tooth from bacteria.

When our gums are not healthy, bacteria can enter the area surrounding the tooth and damage many tissues leading to a destructive tooth-supporting system. And as you may have already realized, without proper tooth support, we have no teeth since they could easily fall out.

Bacteria can also enter the bloodstream and cause systemic diseases.

Healthy gums, are pale pink and not at all swollen. They “hug” the necks of our teeth, making a gentle C shape.

What are the reasons our gums bleed?

1. Gingivitis

Gingivitis-causes and prevention

2. Pregnancy

The hormonal changes during pregnancy affect the whole body, hence they affect the gums. Bleeding is quite often while brushing or flossing. Ask your dentist how you should appropriately take care of your teeth and gums when pregnant.

3. Medication

Despite your fabulous brushing and flossing techniques your gums may still bleed because of the medication you’ve been taking.

Blood thinners and aspirin keep your blood from clots that stop bleeding. These medicines especially increase your risk of bleeding gums and may cause your gums to bleed for a long time after brushing.

Make sure you inform your dentist about any medications you are under so that he can help you.

4. Wrong oral health routine

If you brush or floss too hard you could damage your soft tissues ( gums) and cause bleeding. So make sure you are being gentle with yourself.

5. New oral health routine

When we adopt new habits, no matter how healthy they might be, it takes some getting used to. Be patient with your body and wait for it to adapt to your new routine. If you have just taken up proper and frequent brushing and flossing, bleeding during the first days is absolutely normal.

So now that we’ve talked about the causes, you might still have one question. Should you visit your dentist?

It depends.

  1. Sometimes, when you adopt healthy oral hygiene habits, your gums will get better sooner or later.
  2. But if your gums bleed regularly, such as every time you brush your teeth for a few weeks, I encourage you to make an appointment to see your dentist soon.
  3. I also recommend that you see your dentist if you experience other symptoms of gum disease, such as:
  • Red or swollen gums
  • Sensitive gums, especially to hot or cold temperatures
  • Gums seem to be separating from teeth, leaving a gap between the gum and the tooth
  • Frequent bad breath or taste in your mouth
  • Loose teeth as an adult
  • Changes in the way your top and bottom teeth align

I hope this article helped you understand why your gums bleed.

But, for no reason, this understanding should replace your regular dental visits.

For further questions, you can always e-mail us!

Athina Tsiorva


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